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5 September 2000 - Canadian Switched Network (CSN) area code 319
The Canadian Switched Network (CSN) is operated by Canada's
its telecommunications needs. It is interconnected with the U.S.-based
DSN and is effectively part of its numbering plan.
As of 5 September 2000, area code 319 was in service for CSN numbers.
Previously, Canadian points had been part of DSN area code 312, until
numbering growth had prompted a need for area code 312 relief.
Source: DND 14 Wing announcement (2000, document no longer online).
For CSN numbers, see also
(2006) - Canada (DSN Area Code 319)
Global Mobile Satellite System (GMSS)
Some of the satellite services had serious financial difficulties early in
their operations, but Ellipso,
remained in operation as of 2003.
1 June 2003: +881 3 dialling activated for Ellipso system. Initial
subscriber numbers have 5-digit length, thus the dialling format
is +881 3 xxxxx. Following initial launch of service, a 3-digit area
code may be introduced in the future to define type of service and country
location. Routing of calls for initial service is through KPN Telecom B.V.
in the Netherlands.
Ellipso announcement via ITU, 2003)
14 March 2001: ICO-Teledesic and
Ellipso announced a
their respective satellite mobile systems. There was no immediate
word on what changes would occur to the GMSS numbering assignments.
17 December 1997: Odyssey system was cancelled in favour of ICO's
service. Its GMSS numbering range was presumably re-assigned to
Iridium: The first global mobile satellite service was Iridium. This
began service with numbers in the +881 6 range. +881 7 Iridium
number range was reserved. The Iridium service ran into bankruptcy problems
and was originally expected to be discontinued in early 2000. But another
party purchased the assets at a fraction of the development price and
continued the service. As of 2003, Iridium appeared to have continued
success, particularly with satellite phone demands for the early 2003
GMSS number range assignments
Since various satellite carriers share this country code,
the ITU allocates the first digit that follows the +881 country code
to satellite carriers as follows:
+881 0 ICO Global Communications (reserved) +881 1 ICO Global Communications (reserved) +881 2 vacant (formerly Ellipso, Odyssey; assigned 29 June 2000) +881 3 vacant (formerly Ellipso, Odyssey; assigned 29 June 2000) +881 4 spare for future service +881 5 spare for future service +881 6 Iridium (assigned 10 November 1997) +881 7 Iridium (assigned 10 November 1997) +881 8 Globalstar (assigned 24 February 1999) +881 9 Globalstar (assigned 24 February 1999)
The Ellipso assignments, +881 2 and +881 3, were vacated effective
2 June 2008
ITU-T SG2 NCT: E.164 country code 881 plus two 1-digit ICs.)
(News item courtesy Sergiu Rosenzweig)
ITU list of +881 and +882 code assignments as of early 2002 (PDF format).
(assignments from ITU (2001 update), courtesy tip from Mark J Cuccia)
Some information articles mentioning the +881 country code for
An article which mentions Iridium's president, and +881 6 code.
This mentions both +881 6 and +881 7 assigned for Iridium (but it's a brief
reference in a rather long text file).
+870 to +874
is a satellite-based
telecommunications system. It is primarily designed for ships at sea,
but can be used throughout most of the world where conventional telephone
services are not yet available or feasible (such as low-population islands
or remote locations).
According to an ATIS presentation,
satellite maritime service for American navy and other customers was
established as Marisat in 1976. In 1979, Inmarsat was established as
an intergovernmental treaty organization (IGO), then privatised as a
UK limited company in 1999.
Country code assignments for the Inmarsat maritime/mobile service:
+870 - Single Number Access (SNAC) service - assigned late 1995
+871 - Atlantic Ocean East [note 1]
+872 - Pacific Ocean
+873 - Indian Ocean
+874 - Atlantic Ocean West [note 1]
[note 1] - country code +871 was originally assigned for the entire Atlantic
Ocean Region until the territory was split by a new +874 country code at
a date unknown to WTNG. This was due to a new Inmarsat satellite entering
service for the Atlantic ocean region. One reference indicates +874 took
effect in 1995.
The choice of country code from +871 through +874 is determined by the
region in which an Inmarsat terminal is located. The subscriber number of
an Inmarsat terminal will be unique in the world, meaning that the same
number should not be duplicated in different Inmarsat region country codes.
The +870 single number access country code will eventually replace the
separate region country codes.
Inmarsat Service Types
Some notable types of Inmarsat service:
A: Inmarsat-A is the original analogue system, with capacity for
data transmission from 9.6 to 64 kb/s. It is accessible by regular
telephone networks on the regional country codes +871 through +874
B: Inmarsat-B is a digital successor to Inmarsat-A which is more
efficient with satellite capacity. Data transmission from 9.6
to 64 kb/s is supported. It is accessible by regular
telephone networks as with Inmarsat-A.
BGAN: Broadband Global Area Network (BGAN) is a single network concept
that is due to begin service in late-2005. It will be reachable from
regular telephone networks using country code +870 (the regional
satellite codes will not be used for BGAN).
C: Inmarsat-C is used for low-bandwidth packet data uses, such as maritime
distress (GMDSS). Inmarsat-C numbers are designed for data transmission
of about 600 bits/second. These numbers do not support voice and
are not accessible from regular telephone networks.
Fleet: Inmarsat Fleet service is a digital multi-functional service.
Newer offerings in this range are designed for use with smaller vessels.
GAN: Global Area Network - supports such activities as
corporate data networks, broadcasting.
M: Inmarsat-M is a digital service, providing 2.4 kb/s data transmission
with medium-sized antennas.
Mini-M: This is a digital service for voice and data of up to 9.6 kb/s
(compressed, 2.4 kb/s uncompressed).
Regional BGAN: Supports 144 kb/s shared data channel in Europe,
north and central Africa, Middle East, much of Asia.
- Swift64: 64 kb/s ISDN-grade digital aeronautical service.
Basic subscriber number formats
Inmarsat Mobile Number (IMN) is the basic subscriber number for
Inmarsat. This represents a "ship ID", although Inmarsat users
may also be based on land. Some IMNs are only accessible through
the newer +870 country code (common access). Other numbers may
be reached through one of the regional codes (+871 through +874).
Initial digits of IMN represent the type of Inmarsat service:
Numbering Inmarsat Service Comments ========= ================ ======== 0... reserved 1iiixxxx A discontinued by end-2007? 2... reserved 3mmmxxxxx B / Maritime normal phone, fax, 9.6 kb/s data 38nnnxxxx B / Land normal phone, fax, 9.6 kb/s data 39dxxxxxx B-HSD ISDN access 4mmmxxxxx C / Maritime data communications $ 49nnnxxxx C / Land $ 5oooooooo Aero based on ICAO technical address 6mmmxxxxx M / Maritime normal phone, fax data 60xxxxxxx F (Fleet) HSD/ISDN access; Fleet77, GAN, Swift 64 60xxxxxxx M4-HSD HSD/ISDN access 68nnnxxxxx M / Land normal phone, fax, data 70xxxxxxx reserved for future 71xxxxxxx reserved for future 72xxxxxxx reserved for future 73xxxxxxx reserved for future 74xxxxxxx reserved for future 75xxxxxxx reserved for future 76xxxxxxx F (Fleet77), GAN 76xxxxxxx Mini-M and M4 77xxxxxxx BGAN in service end-2005 78xxxxxxx BGAN format not finalised as of early 2005 79xxxxxxx reserved for future 8yxxxxxxx channel selection used with Inmarsat A 9... special call routing as allocated by ITU-T Legend for digits ----------------- d = D digit (data) iii = MID digits - identifying country of origin (defined by Inmarsat) mmm = MID digits - identifying country of origin (defined by ITU-R) nnn = LID digits - identifying country of origin o = octal digit (0 to 7; 8 and 9 invalid) x = any digit y = application-specific digit
One source indicated 811xxxxxx subscriber number range was for indicating
fax calls i.e. prefix '81' to an Inmarsat-A subscriber number.
+870 active number ranges
Numbering ranges for +870 (common access) always use 9-digit
subscriber numbers. Certain services such as Aeronautical and
Inmarsat-C are not reachable from regular telephone networks.
The following subscriber number ranges are in effect for +870:
Range Service/Allocation ===== ================== 0xxxxxxxx reserved (used in Inmarsat-A in +871 to +874) 1xxxxxxxx reserved (used in Inmarsat-A in +871 to +874) 2xxxxxxxx reserved for future 3xxxxxxxx B / Maritime - ordinary calls (except for ranges below) 38xxxxxxx B / Land - ordinary calls 39xxxxxxx B / Land and Maritime - high-speed data 40xxxxxxx C / Maritime - ordinary calls/messaging (except for ranges below) 48xxxxxxx C / reserved for future 49xxxxxxx C / Land - ordinary calls (messaging) 5xxxxxxxx Aeronautical / primary address (except for ranges below) 58xxxxxxx Aeronautical system/Alternate address 59xxxxxxx Aeronautical system/Special facilities 60xxxxxxx Fleet, GAN, Swift 64/Maritime mobile - ISDN calls 61xxxxxxx M / Maritime - ordinary calls 62xxxxxxx M / Maritime - ordinary calls 63xxxxxxx M / Maritime - ordinary calls 64xxxxxxx M / Maritime - ordinary calls 65xxxxxxx M / Maritime - ordinary calls 66xxxxxxx M / Maritime - ordinary calls 67xxxxxxx M / Maritime - ordinary calls 68xxxxxxx M / Land - ordinary calls 69xxxxxxx M / Land - ordinary calls 7xxxxxxxx reserved for future (except for ranges below) 76xxxxxxx Mini-M, GAN, Fleet/ordinary calls - Maritime or Land 77xxxxxxx BGAN - ordinary calls 78xxxxxxx BGAN - CS data (B-ISDN, 64 kb/s UDI); secure voice (including fax) 79xxxxxxx reserved for future 8xxxxxxxx reserved (range used in Inmarsat-A in +871 to +874) 9xxxxxxxx reserved for entry routing node identification
+871, +872, +873, +874 active number ranges
Numbering ranges for regional satellite access (+871, +872, +873 and +874)
vary from 7 to 9 digits as follows:
Range Service/Allocation ===== ================== 0xxxxxxxx A - group calls 1xxxxxx A - ordinary calls 2 reserved for future 3xxxxxxxx B / Maritime - ordinary (except for ranges below) 38xxxxxxx B / Land - ordinary 39xxxxxxx B / Land and Maritime - high-speed data 4xxxxxxxx C / Maritime - ordinary calls/messaging (except for ranges below) 48 C - reserved for future 49xxxxxxx C / Land - ordinary (messaging) 5xxxxxxxx Aeronautical / primary address (except for ranges below) 58xxxxxxx Aeronautical / alternate address 59xxxxxxx Aeronautical / special facilities 60xxxxxxx Fleet, GAN, Swift 64 / Maritime - ISDN 61xxxxxxx M / Maritime - ordinary 62xxxxxxx M / Maritime - ordinary 63xxxxxxx M / Maritime - ordinary 64xxxxxxx M / Maritime - ordinary 65xxxxxxx M / Maritime - ordinary 66xxxxxxx M / Maritime - ordinary 67xxxxxxx M / Maritime - ordinary 68xxxxxxx M / Land - ordinary 69xxxxxxx M / Land - ordinary 70xxxxxxx reserved for future 71xxxxxxx reserved for future 72xxxxxxx reserved for future 73xxxxxxx reserved for future 74xxxxxxx reserved for future 75xxxxxxx reserved for future 76xxxxxxx Mini-M, GAN, Fleet / ordinary - Maritime or Land 77 reserved for BGAN (used in +870 only) 78 reserved for BGAN (used in +870 only) 79 reserved for future 8xxxxxxxx A / special service terminations on ship 9 reserved for entry routing node identification
by 31 December 2009 - consolidation of country codes to +870
The +870 Single Number Access (SNAC) code will replace the individual
regional country codes +871 through +874. ITU-T Recommendation E.215,
chapter 3 describes this service.
Carrier Telenor indicates that SNAC is in use for Inmarsat GAN,
Inmarsat Mini-M (Mobiq), Inmarsat-M and Inmarsat-B services.
Inmarsat-A still requires the separate regional country codes.
A target date of 1 July 2015 was initially reported for this consolidation.
the consolidation would complete by the end of 2009.
New Inmarsat services are to be offered on +870, rather than on
the regional country codes from +871 to +874.
A separate report suggested ITU earlier proposed a 1 January 2009
deadline for consolidation, advanced from the original 2015 target.
Report of 1 July 2015 implementation deadline:
Regarding 1 January 2009 advanced implementation:
this report was issued by ETO, but is no longer available since ETO's
activities were absorbed into ERO.
31 December 2007 - Inmarsat-A service discontinued
will decommission its
Inmarsat A service as of 31 December 2007 in favour of newer digital
services. Current users would be expected to convert to such newer
digital services as Inmarsat Fleet F77. Inmarsat A has been in service
1 November 2005 - BGAN numbers introduced
Inmarsat activated BGAN
(Broadband Global Area Network) service in late-2005 (previously
Numbers in this service are under country code +870,
with initial 9-digit subscriber numbers beginning with 77 and 78
(that is, +870 77xxxxxxx or +870 78xxxxxxx format).
The initial announcement for this expansion only indicated new numbers
in the +870 77... range.
announcement 24 December 2002)
BGAN numbering was also the topic of a
General Inmarsat information
Also see references:
International Freephone Service (UIFN)
The ITU has established a process leading to the first assignments of international
"freephone" numbers. Callers in certain countries can now use special country
code +800 to make international toll-free calls via existing international
dialling methods. Such international numbers are not yet widely known,
The International Freephone numbers are apparently 8 digits length
following the country code +800. Effective with Time 'T',
a maximum 12 digits following +800 are available for number expansion.
Freephone (UIFN) service
Some international freephone information may be available via
ICB Toll Free.
Also, there is an article which outlines problems of the UIFN
(International freephone is localized and costly,
19 February 2001).
The ITU has made various assignments under country code +882 and more
recently +883 for "International Networks" to be shared among various
For +882, the carrier is identified according to the two digits
following the country code.
(in PDF format).
The following +882 assignments and reservations and were indicated as of
April 2009, under the latest available listing. The following is subject to
new, changed or cancelled entries. Each item in the following list consists
of the +882 xx number, followed by the carrier and service.
@ at the end of a line indicates the numbering is assigned
(otherwise, numbering is reserved, presumably pending service
- +882 10 : British Telecommunications plc Global Office Application @
- +882 11 : (now unallocated; was Singapore Telecommunications - Asia Pacific Mobile Telecommunications)
- +882 12 : Verizon (was WorldCom HyperStream International/HSI Data Network) @
- +882 13 : Telespazio S.p.A. EMS Regional Mobile Satellite System @
- +882 14 : (now unallocated as of 23 March 2005; was Verizon/GTE International Networks)
- +882 15 : Reach (formerly Telstra ITERRA Digital Network) @
- +882 16 : United Arab Emirates Administration -
Thuraya RMSS Network @
- +882 17 : (now unallocated since early 2002; was AT&T International ATM Network)
- +882 18 : (now unallocated; was Teledesic Global Network)
- +882 19 : (now unallocated; was Telecom Italia Global Network)
- +882 20 : Asia Cellular Satellite (ACeS) - Garuda Mobile Tel. Satellite System @
- +882 21 : (now unallocated; was Ameritech - Gateway Global Service, Inc. (AGGSI) network)
- +882 22 : Cable & Wireless - Global Network @
- +882 23 : Sita-Equant Joint Venture - Sita-Equant Network @
- +882 24 : TeliaSonera - multinational ATM Network @
- +882 25 : (now unallocated; was Constellation Communications)
- +882 26 : (now unallocated; was SBC Communications - Global Data Network)
- +882 27 : (now unallocated; was Williams Communications)
- +882 28 : Deutsche Telekom (Next Generation Network) @
- +882 29 : (now unallocated; was Q-Tel (NZ) Ltd (formerly World IT))
- +882 30 : Singapore Telecom (Global Reach Network) @
- +882 31 : Telekom Malaysia (Global International ATM) @
- +882 32 : Maritime Communications Partner (MCP) @
- +882 33 : Oration Technologies @
- +882 34 : Global Networks (Switzerland) @
- +882 35 : Jasper Systems (formerly Jasper Wireless) @
- +882 36 : Jersey Telecom @
- +882 37 : AT&T @
- +882 38 : (now unallocated; was Ellipso)
- +882 39 : Vodaphone Malta @
- +882 40 : Oy Cubio Communications @
- +882 41 : Intermatica @
- +882 42 : Seanet Maritime Communications @
- +882 43 : Ukrainian Radiosystems (Beeline) @
- +882 44 : In & Phone (Ship GSM) @
- +882 45 : Telecom Italia @
- +882 98 : ONAIR GSM (formerly SITA) [assigned 7 March 2005] @
- +882 99 : Telenor GSM [assigned 2 February 2005] @
(initially from 2001 ITU update, courtesy tip from Mark J Cuccia;
further update in 2004, following update
ITU list of +881 and +882 code assignments, 24 January 2007, PDF format);
Operational Bulletin #930 of 15 April 2009
2005 - Oration Technologies +882 33 7 in service
Oration Network announced the introduction of +882 33 7 range for
its numbers, reachable through carrier Primus.
Oration Technologies announcement (22 July 2005, via ITU).
Telespazio Emsat (+882 13) - warning on unauthorised use
Telespazio issued an
announcement (12 December 2004, via ITU) advising that its +882 13
code was only for use with its Emsat satellite network service.
Use of the number range for other services such "web diallers" is
Emsat numbering is +882 13 aa xxxx where the "aa" portion is
an "area code" representing a service provider, followed by
4 digits specifying the subscriber number.
Number ranges as of 12 December 2004:
Service Provider Number Range ---------------- ------------ EUTELSAT (France) 00 xxxx Intermatica (Italy) 03 xxxx Thetis (Monaco) 04 xxxx Intermatica (Italy) 07 xxxx Telecomm France (France) 10 xxxx Reserved France Telecom 10 xxxx Reserved France Telecom 11 xxxx Intermatica (Italy) 13 xxxx Varicom Lithuania 19 xxxx TDCOMM (France) 20 xxxx Intermatica (Italy) 23 xxxx WMC (Algeria) 25 xxxx AST (UK) 30 xxxx Marconi (UK) 30 xxxx Marconi (UK) 31 xxxx Intermatica 33 xxxx Intermatica (Italy) 39 xxxx Ronda (Spain) 40 xxxx Radiomidum (Iceland) 41 xxxx Intermatica (Italy) 43 xxxx Movisat (Spain) 45 xxxx Boatracs (Spain) 46 xxxx Telecomm France (France) 46 xxxx Intermatica (Italy) 48 xxxx CTC (Ukraine) 60 xxxx Markland (Georgia) 60 xxxx Trans World Com (Monaco) 60 xxxx Rartel (Romania) 60 xxxx VideoSuono (Greece) 64 xxxx Intermatica 65 xxxx Telespazio (Italy) 69 xxxx Telespazio (Italy Government) 70 xxxx Intermatica 76 xxxx Intermatica 81 xxxx MSP (Geolink FR) 85 xxxx MSP 2 (Geolink FR) 86 xxxx Proposed for Libya (Geolink FR) 87 xxxx Intermatica 88 xxxx Amik (Lebanon) 90 xxxx Intermatica 96 xxxx Telespazio (Access Intelcom SM) 98 xxxx Telespazio Operatore rete 99 xxxx
Global Networks Switzerland - Antarctic service +882 34
Global Networks Switzerland
was assigned country code +882 34 to operate in Antarctica.
These numbers are distinct from the existing Antarctic access through +672
(Australian External Territories). +882 34 is now in service,
although some carriers may still have not yet enabled access.
For clarification between +882 34 and +672, see
Global Networks Switzerland announcement, 11 May 2004 via ITU.
are as follows (as of June 2004):
Number range Service type ============ ============ +882 34 1xx xxx... Carrier Selection and service numbers (variable digits) +882 34 5xx xxxxxx Fixed/VoIP mobile +882 34 7xx xxxxxx mobile GSM/UMTS/Mobitex +882 34 701 xxxxxx mobile MVNO +882 34 800 xxxxxx freephone +882 34 840 xxxxxx shared cost +882 34 85x xxxxxx voice mail (fixed) +882 34 86x xxxxxx voice mail (mobile) +882 34 900 xxxxxx premium (low cost) +882 34 903 xxxxxx premium (medium cost) +882 34 906 xxxxxx premium (high cost) +882 34 999 xxx... test numbers (variable digits)
+883 country code assignments were made by ITU since June 2007:
- +883 100 : Denver Consultants @
- +883 110 : Aicent @
- +883 5100 : Voxbone iNum @
(+883 5100 then iNum subscriber number)
Operational Bulletin #930 of 15 April 2009
Various telecom companies provide iNum numbers (+883 5100 series) which
are co-ordinated through Voxbone. Although the format was initially described
as 5-digit subscriber numbers (+883 5100 xxxxx), the actual service now
appears to involve +883 5100 followed by 8 digits.
The particular carrier company providing an iNum may be determined by
the initial digit or two following +883 5100, such as seen in these examples:
Range Service ----- ------- +883 5100 01 xxxxxx Blasterphone +883 5100 04 xxxxxx Voxalot +883 5100 11 xxxxxx Mobivox +883 5100 7 xxxxxxx Gizmo5
International Premium Rate Service (IPRS)
A system for international calling for premium services, or International
Premium Rate Service (IPRS), was defined in
IPRS will be based on Universal International Premium Rate Number (UIPRN)
Applications for UIPRN assignments will be accepted beginning 2 April 2001,
according to the
process outlined by ITU.
UIPRNs will be assigned starting 7 May 2001.
UIPRN service will use country code +979, followed by a 1-digit
charge band to indicate a category of call cost, then an 8-digit
subscriber number. That is, the following formats of UIPRN will be seen:
- +979 1 xxxxxxxx: charge band 1
- +979 3 xxxxxxxx: charge band 2
- +979 5 xxxxxxxx: charge band 3
- +979 9 xxxxxxxx: special charge band
are specified by ITU-T.
Information on the significance of the charge bands is unclear, and
presumably to be defined by agreements among participating UIPRN
carriers and could vary according to each participating nation.
Operators Bulletin (April 1999)
makes reference to the International
Premium Rate Service (IPRS), expected to be provided via country code 979.
(tip courtesy Vince Humphries, additional detail from ITU)
International Shared Cost Service (ISCS)
An International Shared Cost Service (ISCS) will allow callers to contact
international services charged at the national call cost of the originating
country. The price of ISCS calls to the caller would be between toll-free
and the normal international rate.
Applications for the Universal International Shared Cost Numbers (UISCN)
for ISCS will be received from 2 May 2001, with UISCNs to be assigned from
7 June 2001.
are available from ITU-T.
Information on ISCS and UISCNs is available from
A "national rate" service exists in some nations such as UK and
Germany, to offer call charging between toll-free and regular long distance
ISCS is also described on the
The operation of International Shared Cost Service was defined
(tip courtesy Vince Humphries)
International Telecommunications Public Correspondence Service (ITPCS)
Country code +991 was reserved by
as of mid-2000
for a trial of an "International Telecommunications Public Correspondence
Service". There are no further details available regarding the
nature of the proposed service.
However, the term Public Correspondence Service often refers to maritime
radio systems (coastal or inland). This could have been conceived for
a test of a new type of direct-dialled maritime radio service.
However, it was announced that an assignment under +991, specifically
the range +991 001, was assigned to
for trials of the
ENUM scheme. ENUM seeks
to link telephone numbering with Internet addressing. Neustar has
a temporary assignment of +991 001 until 6 December 2002.
VISIONng was also approved in 2002 for an ENUM trial, using a number range
within the UPT country code: +878 10.
Related information on ENUM:
Telecommunications for Disaster Relief (TDR)
Country code +888 was formally assigned in May 2007 for use by the
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
for disaster relief communications purposes.
This country code would allow temporary telephone numbering to be
established in disaster-stricken regions where the conventional
telecommunications service is unavailable. OCHA has exclusive rights
to determine the numbering structure following the +888 country code.
This would allow various UN agencies and operating locations to be integrated
under +888 by specifying service digits after 888 then the agency
number e.g. UNICEF numbers could be reached as +888 42 xxxxxxxx, if '42' were
chosen as a prefix code for that agency. Numbering may be discontinued
once a disaster situation is resolved, then reassigned for a later incident.
Under Mobile Country Code 901, Mobile Network Code 88 was also assigned
for UN disaster relief purposes. The announcement of +888 also replaces
country code +999 which was initially reserved for disaster relief service
in ITU's February 2004 country code listing.
+999 is now reserved for a "future global service".
in Geneva 17-19 February 2003.
Minutes from ATIS
Network Interconnection/Interoperability Forum (NIIF) indicated that
Verizon submitted the proposal for country code 999 TDR to ITU's
Study Group 2 in 2003. (ATIS/NIIF #22, point 32, link broken as of
(additional report courtesy Tobias Wallin)
- - -
Telex or teletypewriter systems had their own national and international
numbering plans, and were generally distinct from the conventional telephone
ITU maintains the assignment of Telex country codes. Telex country codes have
little in common with telephone country codes as the assigned numbers were
For list of telex country or destination codes (ITU Recommendation F.69),
1999 ITU document on telex code assignments..
Telex country codes were 2 or 3 digits, with first digit indicating
the world region or service:
Leading digit(s) Region/service ================ ============== 0 (unused) 1 maritime mobile, other special service 2 North America 3 South America (except 37, 39) 37 Central America (integrated code) 39 some Caribbean areas 4 Europe, some North African nations 49 some Middle East 5 Europe 58 Maritime/satellite e.g. Inmarsat 6 Eastern Europe, Israel 7 Pacific 78 some Asia 79 Afghanistan 8 Asia 88 Iran 89 some Asia, some Middle East 9 Africa
See also these telex lists:
Time 'T' (expanded numbering lengths)
- - -
Until December 1996, an international telephone number was restricted to
a maximum of twelve digits for the combined country code, and national
number dialed (including any area or intercity codes).
As of 31 December 1996, 2359 hours UTC, the maximum digit length
to be allowed in international dialling was increased to fifteen digits.
More digits are thus allowed within the various countries' numbering plans.
This deadline was referred to as Time 'T'.
More information on Time 'T' can be found in a recent ITU
Information from ITU-T Circular 14. Also older ITU circulars 128 and 180
had information on Time T. The Circulars can no longer be found on
Universal Personal Telecommunications (UPT)
There is a reservation of country code +878 for Universal Personal
Telecommunication (UPT) services. +878 was previously reserved for use in
national mobile purposes, apparently for use at the option of nations that
wished to use it.
Sources say that the reservation of +878 for UPT was decided at
the May 1996 ITU-T Study Group 2 meeting, and listed as of the 1 March
There were no reports that any nations made use of this country
code for testing or national purposes, however. There was also no explanation
why 878 was sought for UPT service when other unused country code assignments
were available. An evident speculation is that 878 spells out "UPT" on
some telephone dial schemes.
As of early 2002, +878 10 range of numbers was assigned to VISIONng
for use in an ENUM trial. See
ENUM information in ITPCS for other references
to ENUM development.
(From ITU-T Circular 191, apparently moved or eliminated from
the web. Additional tip of August 1999 courtesy Vince Humphries)
In June 2004, a press release announced that
was to deploy the first worldwide commercial ENUM service. Numbers in
the +878 10 7472 range were to be used to provide a worldwide portability
for various types of voice and data communications.
(Source: Boardwatch, 4 June 2004,
Management of Country Code assignments
- - -
establishes a plan to expand the number of available country codes should
the need arise. Country splits, and the implementation of new services
have caused many new country code assignments in recent years.
Also, a new
will specify the ITU's numbering resources administration. The ITU
is expected to form a Numbering Administration Group (NAG) as part of its
Telecommunication Standardization Bureau (TSB), to handle telecommunications
numbering assignments such as telephone country codes, telex country
codes, Universal International Freephone Numbers,
or other numbering resources for which the ITU would be responsible.
Other International Notes
- - -
Country code +888 is apparently unassignable and reserved for some unknown
global service. While 888 is used as the second toll-free service code
in the North American Numbering Plan, one might expect
that the capacity under the
International Freephone +800 country code would
be expandable instead of assigning new country codes to supply added
international freephone numbering capacity.
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